Expectation and implementation of flexible bioenergy in different countries, 2021
This report gives an overview on the status and the expectation of flexible bioenergy in eleven OECD countries (Australia, Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States of America) to see different approaches for flexible bioenergy, and summarises drivers and barriers. The report describes the general role of bioenergy in the power, heating and cooling, and transport sectors, followed by an outline of the transition towards renewables and the related status of flexible bioenergy regarding policy framework, obstacles and bottlenecks, as well as the incentives. The report is based on country-specific information, including statistic information and expert assessment through a questionnaire.
As a conclusion, technological barriers are not seen to be a major challenge, but an economic feasible integration of the technologies in the overall energy system. Coherent policy support to integrate flexible bioenergy in the energy system is considered as necessary. To unlock the potential benefits, the report proposes a stronger link between flexible bioenergy and other options for flexibility, such as demand side management, energy storage, power-to-X and also green hydrogen.
Roles of bioenergy in energy system pathways towards a “well-below-2-degrees-Celsius (WB2)” world
Under the IEA Bioenergy Inter-task project The Role of Bioenergy in a WB2/SDG world, a workshop was held in Berlin, on 25th November 2019. The objective of the workshop was to examine, synthesize and disseminate information from recent studies that investigate how bioenergy and associated technologies may contribute to achieving the reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that are needed to meet the WB2 target. This report summarises the workshop contributions and discussions, assesses the role of bioenergy in WB2 strategies, identifies the current state of knowledge as well as gaps in knowledge that need to be addressed.